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For those of you not well-acquainted with the NAG diet and the various alternative ingredients used in these recipes, here’s a list of rough equivalents and substitutions you can use if you don’t have, or don’t want to include, some the ingredients. 

NOTE:  If you come across an ingredient on this blog and would like more information about it or how to substitute for it, please feel free to leave a comment here or email me directly at dietdessertdogs AT gmail DOT com. Thanks!

I’ve arrived at most of these through my own trial and error, so the exact measures may be slightly different for you. These substitutions will, however, allow you to arrive at a fine approximation of each recipe.

Binders and Egg Substitutes:

Salba:  For each 1 tsp. Salba (ground chia seeds), use: 1 Tbsp. ground flax seeds or 1 egg

Flax (ground):  For each 1 Tbsp. ground flax seeds, use: 1 tsp. Salba (ground chia seeds), 1/4 cup silken tofu, 2 tsp. potato starch mixed with 1 tsp. cornstarch or 1 egg

Fruit purées:  some people use about 1/4-1/3 cup fruit purée instead of eggs (think: banana, applesauce, prune purée, etc.). 


I mostly use spelt flour, which is an ancient relative of wheat with less gluten (but NOT gluten-free).  As a result, baked goods made with spelt will be a bit denser and heavier than baked goods made with standard all-purpose flour.  You can compensate by adding more leavening or, if you use eggs, an extra egg.  I’m not including gluten-free flour in this list yet, as I haven’t had enough experience using it at this point to feel confident writing about it (but I’m still practicing. . . I’ll update as soon as I’ve got it down!).

1 cup light spelt flour roughly equals:  

1 cup plus 2 Tbsp. whole spelt flour

1-1/4 cups barley flour

1-1/2 cups whole oat flour

7/8 cup all-purpose (wheat) flour

2/3 cup kamut flour plus 1/2 cup oat flour


For each 1 cup soymilk, you can substitute: 

1 cup almond, hemp, oat, or dairy milk

7/8 cup rice milk 

In some cases, apple juice (or even water) can be substituted if 1 tsp. cornstarch is added to the liquid


I generally use a light oil like sunflower oil in my baking.  For recipes in which a solid fat is necessary, I use coconut butter.

For each 1/2 cup coconut butter (also called coconut oil), you can substitute 1/3 cup liquid oil, such as sunflower or canola (though I’m not a fan of canola).

2 Responses to “Ingredients and Substitutions”

  1. Linda Lamel Says:

    What is Sucanat?

  2. Elisabeth Says:

    I’m also wondering what Sucanat is. There are many of your recipes I would like to try but they call for sucanat and I have never seen or heard of it before!

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